No Products in the Cart
The German cockroach is the most common cockroach in Canada. Its’ distinguishing features are a flattened oval body with long spiny legs and measures 15 mm when fully grown, and both the male and female have wings. Its’ color is light brown with two dark stripes running lengthwise on the thorax. Other species that can be found are the American Cockroach, the Oriental Cockroach and the Brown-banded cockroach.
Adults are approximately 1-1/2 inches long and reddish brown, with fully developed wings that cover the entire length of the abdomen. Both male and female are fully winged. The wings of the male extend slightly beyond the tip of the abdomen, while those of the female are about the same length as the abdomen. Nymphs are similar in appearance but are smaller and do not have wings. American cockroaches are capable of flying but rarely do in northern areas of the United States and Canada. The American cockroach can be identified by its large size and reddish brown color with faded yellow edges on the thorax. This the largest cockroach found in houses. Females can hatch up to 150 offspring per year. Cockroaches don’t get their wings until they become adults.
Brown-banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. In addition to the distinctive banding, males have full wings, which reach beyond the tip of their rather pointed abdomens, but females have underdeveloped wings, much shorter than their broad, rounded abdomens. The lighter band markings are much more distinct in nymphs than in adults of either sex. Both adults and nymphs can be distinguished by the two brownish, broad bands across the body at the base of the abdomen and at mid-abdomen. Both males and females are quite active; adult males fly readily when disturbed. They are light brown, about 1/2 inches long, have two light, irregular bands along their wings. The German Roach has two dark, distinctive bands behind their heads.
They don’t require the same moisture resources as the German Roaches, so they are commonly found in furniture, or on the walls and ceilings.
Development from eggs to the adult takes from three to four months and the cockroach can live for up to one year. Female cockroaches can produce an egg capsule that may contain up to 40 eggs which are dropped prior to hatching. Each female may produce up to eight egg cases in her lifetime.
Damage Caused by Cockroaches
Cockroaches do not cause any structural damage to buildings or to vegetation, and are second only to house flies in spreading disease. Cockroaches are capable of transmitting diseases to man, including salmonella bacteria, polio and many forms of viruses because of their movement through assorted habitats, including refuse heaps and sewers. They are a major problem in many hospitals, hotels, restaurants, bakeries, butcher shops, multi-unit residences and homes, and are found around sinks, behind stoves and refrigerators, in drains and cracks. Cockroaches are active year-round and are attracted to food, water, warmth and shelter. They eat anything and in particular products containing starch. They are nocturnal insects which mean that they are most active at night and any sudden light will cause them to scurry for shelter. Cockroaches can be found under the cleanest of conditions, wherever food and warmth are present.
Where to Look for Cockroaches
Cockroaches hide in dark, sheltered places during the day and come out to feed at night. They may be found around the kitchen sink or drain board, in cracks around or underneath cupboards and cabinets or inside them (especially in the upper corners), behind drawers, around pipes or conduits (where they pass along the wall or go through it), behind windows or door frames, behind loose baseboards or molding strips, on the underside of tables and chairs, in the bathroom, and in radio and TV cabinets. The German cockroach is usually found in the kitchen and bathroom, although it may be found all over the house.
The elimination of cockroaches is an extremely difficult and time consuming project. There are several developed products that Ecopest Inc. has available for application, and due to the nature of cockroaches an Ecopest Inc. professional may need to be consulted for complete elimination.
The biggest roaches’ problems are a result of poor sanitation. Unclean living condition from housekeeping neglect is the major contributing factor for cockroaches’ infestation. More importantly, roaches are highly transportable pests that can easily travelling though wall voids and along the plumbing lines from one unit to another. For this reason, we highly recommend doing inspection and necessary preventative treatment to the adjacent units in apartment buildings or townhouses units.